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  • == source terms ==
    763 B (102 words) - 02:01, 27 January 2012

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  • ...ary who is responsible for updating/revising existing terms and adding new terms. [https://www.ametsoc.org/ams/index.cfm/publications/glossary-of-meteorolog ...d like to suggest changes to existing terms or propose definitions for new terms to be added are encouraged to [https://www.ametsoc.org/index.cfm/ams/public
    1 KB (216 words) - 19:39, 26 June 2018
  • ...tive low atmospheric [[pressure]] usually coexist, in common practice the terms cyclone and [[low]] are used interchangeably. Also, because cyclones are ne
    1 KB (182 words) - 23:45, 25 April 2012
  • ...(ADTIC) Research Studies Institute 1955. Glossary of Arctic and Subarctic Terms. ADTIC Pub. A-105, Maxwell AFB, AL, . 90 pp. </div><br/>
    742 B (99 words) - 23:19, 25 April 2012
  • ... northward, and vertically upward directions, respectively. The first two terms compose the [[horizontal advection]] and the last term is the [[vertical a
    2 KB (249 words) - 00:22, 27 January 2012
  • ...ort_definition">A numerical forecast model based on discrete [[advection]] terms only, with less or no emphasis on forcing, [[dissipation]], and physics.</
    988 B (134 words) - 00:22, 27 January 2012
  • ...]]. [[accretion|Accretion]], [[coalescence]], and [[aggregation]] are the terms presently in use.</div><br/> </div>
    539 B (65 words) - 23:21, 25 April 2012
  • ... of the North Pacific is so much lower than that of the North Atlantic. In terms of freshwater transport the modest Anadyr Current is equivalent to several
    1,007 B (151 words) - 21:37, 20 February 2012
  • ...(ADTIC) Research Studies Institute 1955. Glossary of Arctic and Subarctic Terms. ADTIC Pub. A-105, Maxwell AFB, AL, . 90 pp. </div><br/>
    621 B (77 words) - 21:38, 20 February 2012
  • <div class="definition"><div class="short_definition">General terms for [[local winds]] or larger-scale [[wind]] systems (such as the [[monsoon
    377 B (45 words) - 00:25, 27 January 2012
  • ... that give rise to them are very common. It would appear that, when these terms are used, normality is something defined by the [[free atmosphere]], far f
    1 KB (166 words) - 23:24, 25 April 2012
  • ...irculation and relative high atmospheric [[pressure]] usually coexist, the terms anticyclone and [[high]] are used interchangeably in common practice. <br/
    776 B (98 words) - 00:26, 27 January 2012
  • ...(ADTIC) Research Studies Institute 1955. Glossary of Arctic and Subarctic Terms. ADTIC Pub. A-105, Maxwell AFB, AL, . 90 pp. </div><br/>
    861 B (116 words) - 21:39, 20 February 2012
  • ...large.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">Though such series are divergent, terms initially decrease in size to one of minimum value at which term the serie
    810 B (112 words) - 00:28, 27 January 2012
  • ...ndamental laws of fluid mechanics and [[thermodynamics]] are expressed in terms of partial differential equations involving the fluid [[velocity]], [[dens
    657 B (83 words) - 00:28, 27 January 2012
  • ...nd units of force per area. A [[standard atmosphere]] has been defined in terms of equivalence to each of the above unit systems, and it is used as a unit
    1 KB (226 words) - 21:40, 20 February 2012
  • ...vention is to measure the depletion of [[power]] on a [[decibel]] scale in terms of the [[specific attenuation|specific attenuation]] ''Y,'' which is relat
    2 KB (208 words) - 23:26, 25 April 2012
  • ...hic equilibrium]] to which it reduces in the absence of the [[nonlinear]] terms. In the case of circular contours, this nonlinear correction is the same a
    2 KB (224 words) - 23:28, 25 April 2012
  • ...(ADTIC) Research Studies Institute 1955. Glossary of Arctic and Subarctic Terms. ADTIC Pub. A-105, Maxwell AFB, AL, . 90 pp. </div><br/>
    674 B (88 words) - 21:42, 20 February 2012
  • ...nd [[magnetic north]], respectively; [[compass]] bearing is expressed in terms of compass points; and relative bearing is the angular distance measured c
    869 B (118 words) - 21:43, 20 February 2012
  • ...><div class="short_definition">A formula for the [[optical mass]] ''m'' in terms of the [[zenith distance]] ''z'' of the sun or other celestial body; <d
    879 B (116 words) - 21:43, 20 February 2012
  • ...ence">Wiegel, R. L. 1953. Waves, Tides, Currents and Beachers. Glossary of Terms and List of Standard Symbols. Council on Wave Research&ndash;The Engineeri
    569 B (79 words) - 21:44, 20 February 2012
  • ...ence it appears as a cold [[wind]].</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">The terms [[borino]] and [[boraccia]] denote a weak bora and a strong bora, respectiv
    3 KB (507 words) - 23:31, 25 April 2012
  • ...s, over its full [[range]]; conversely, a region outside of which certain terms may be neglected.</div><br/> </div>
    809 B (114 words) - 00:34, 27 January 2012
  • ...f winter to a resident of the north." (''Glossary of Arctic and Subarctic Terms'', Arctic, Desert, Tropic Information Center Pub. A&ndash;105, 1955). <br/>
    619 B (84 words) - 23:31, 25 April 2012
  • ...n"><div class="short_definition">A descriptive measure of [[radiation]] in terms of the [[temperature]] of a hypothetical [[blackbody]] emitting an identic
    764 B (102 words) - 00:35, 27 January 2012
  • ...elled cabbaling.) Any physical process that is caused by the [[nonlinear]] terms in the expression of [[density]] as a function of ''S'' ([[salinity]]) and
    1 KB (179 words) - 00:36, 27 January 2012
  • ...either in terms of atmospheric concentrations of [[carbon dioxide]] or in terms of emission rates of carbon dioxide.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">This
    777 B (108 words) - 00:37, 27 January 2012
  • ...ragraph">This magnitude may also be written as ''V''<sup>2</sup>/''R'', in terms of the [[linear]] speed ''V''. This force (per unit mass) is equal and opp
    914 B (136 words) - 00:38, 27 January 2012
  • ...nautical [[chart]] and tidal predictions are referred; usually defined in terms of a low-water tidal level, which means that a chart datum is not a horizo
    496 B (72 words) - 00:38, 27 January 2012
  • ...>2</sup>) depends upon intended use, but is often expressible as a sum of terms of the type (''f'' - ''h'')<sup>2</sup>/''h'' where ''f'' is an observed fr
    903 B (120 words) - 21:49, 20 February 2012
  • ...he end point. It is customary to express chemical analyses of seawater in terms of chlorinity or of [[chlorosity]].</div><br/> </div>
    1 KB (198 words) - 23:35, 25 April 2012
  • ...system.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">It is typically characterized in terms of suitable averages of the [[climate system]] over periods of a month or
    1 KB (146 words) - 23:36, 25 April 2012
  • ...e entire atmosphere&ndash;ocean&ndash;land surface [[climate system]], in terms of its internal interactions and its response to external factors, for exam
    1 KB (174 words) - 23:37, 25 April 2012
  • ...ic heat is lost through the clothing, the unit can be defined in physical terms as the insulation that will restrict heat loss to 1 Kcal m<sup>-2</sup>h<su
    1 KB (243 words) - 21:52, 20 February 2012
  • ...higher-order terms are approximated as empirical functions of lower-order terms and of known [[independent variables]], the resulting approximate equation
    1 KB (140 words) - 23:37, 25 April 2012
  • ... equations to eliminate [[linear]] terms while retaining the [[nonlinear]] terms as [[statistical]] correlations of various orders (i.e., consisting of the
    1 KB (154 words) - 23:37, 25 April 2012
  • ...div><br/> <div class="paragraph">Concentrations of CCN need to be given in terms of a [[supersaturation]] spectrum covering the [[range]] of interest or at
    790 B (101 words) - 00:41, 27 January 2012
  • ...al model begins with the equations of fluid flow and derives solutions in terms of the growth of [[particles]] in a prescribed [[mixing]] environment.</div
    649 B (89 words) - 00:41, 27 January 2012
  • ...[[emission]] to space. While the definition of cloud radiative forcing in terms of average measured values is unambiguous, the relationship between cloud
    1 KB (192 words) - 23:38, 25 April 2012
  • ...collision and [[coalescence]], it is important to distinguish clearly the terms coalescence efficiency, [[collision efficiency]], and [[collection efficien
    709 B (97 words) - 00:42, 27 January 2012
  • ...s in a [[turbulent flow]] with characteristic structures and lifetimes in terms of [[velocity]], [[temperature]], etc., that are significantly larger or lo
    2 KB (200 words) - 23:39, 25 April 2012
  • ...(ADTIC) Research Studies Institute 1955. Glossary of Arctic and Subarctic Terms. ADTIC Pub. A-105, Maxwell AFB, AL, . 90 pp. </div><br/>
    712 B (94 words) - 00:42, 27 January 2012
  • ... suspension).</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">It is usually expressed in terms of the weight of a single particle. This value varies with the [[wind spee
    702 B (98 words) - 23:40, 25 April 2012
  • ...ere; the reverse of [[cum sole]].</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">(These terms were introduced by V. W. Ekman in 1923.) <br/>''See also'' [[withershins]].
    541 B (74 words) - 00:45, 27 January 2012
  • ...os-Cex08]]</div> is a [[convective acceleration]]. These are the nonlinear terms in Eulerian expressions for the rate of change of the [[dependent variable
    748 B (103 words) - 21:58, 20 February 2012
  • ...ces. For first-order [[turbulence closure]] parameterizations, all of the terms in the correlation triangle above represent unknowns, and must be approxim
    1 KB (146 words) - 00:46, 27 January 2012
  • ...rth's surface is about 330 W m<sup>-2</sup>, making it one of the largest terms in the [[surface energy balance]].</div><br/> </div>
    776 B (102 words) - 21:59, 20 February 2012
  • ...s, the [[power]] in the two [[orthogonal]] channels, and the off-diagonal terms are the cross covariances.</div><br/> </div>
    659 B (85 words) - 00:46, 27 January 2012
  • ...most meaningless unless it is defined in context. (''Arctic and Subarctic Terms'', Arctic, Desert Tropic Information Center Pub. A-105, 1955.)</div><br/> <
    697 B (93 words) - 00:47, 27 January 2012
  • ...(ADTIC) Research Studies Institute 1955. Glossary of Arctic and Subarctic Terms. ADTIC Pub. A-105, Maxwell AFB, AL, . 90 pp. </div><br/>
    733 B (94 words) - 22:00, 20 February 2012
  • ...together with [[deepening]] (a decrease in atmospheric pressure), the two terms should not be used synonymously. <br/>''Compare'' [[anticyclogenesis]].</di
    803 B (102 words) - 00:48, 27 January 2012
  • ...iv><br/> <div class="paragraph">It is called a tidal datum when defined in terms of a certain [[phase]] of the [[tide]]. Tidal datums are local datums, ref
    663 B (91 words) - 00:48, 27 January 2012
  • ...alysis of the two-dimensional velocity field can express this [[field]] in terms of [[divergence]], [[vorticity]], and deformation (or, more strictly, the
    2 KB (266 words) - 22:02, 20 February 2012
  • ...[soil temperature]] relative to surface temperature. Although these three terms are most often applied to waves, nothing inherent in the concept of a dela
    904 B (129 words) - 00:49, 27 January 2012
  • ...akwater]].</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">A design wave is described in terms of a [[wave height]], [[wave period]], and direction. <br/>''See'' [[extrem
    580 B (79 words) - 23:47, 25 April 2012
  • ...="definition"><div class="short_definition">Governed by and predictable in terms of definite laws, such as dynamic equations.</div><br/> <div class="paragra
    393 B (47 words) - 00:50, 27 January 2012
  • ...epresenting a continuous fluid [[field]] at a set of [[grid]] points or in terms of a sum of [[basis functions]].</div><br/> </div>
    517 B (71 words) - 00:52, 27 January 2012
  • ...(ADTIC) Research Studies Institute 1955. Glossary of Arctic and Subarctic Terms. ADTIC Pub. A-105, Maxwell AFB, AL, . 90 pp. </div><br/>
    840 B (111 words) - 23:48, 25 April 2012
  • ...]] of the vector [[equations of motion|equation of motion]]. When the two terms in the divergence are neglected, this equation becomes the [[balance equati
    1 KB (159 words) - 23:49, 25 April 2012
  • ...a blue shift, although no colorimetric meaning should be attached to these terms. [[Acoustic waves]] do not evoke sensations of color, nor do [[electromagn
    2 KB (296 words) - 23:49, 25 April 2012
  • ...inition">A [[radar]] that detects and interprets the [[Doppler effect]] in terms of the [[radial velocity]] of a [[target]].</div><br/> <div class="paragra
    646 B (89 words) - 00:53, 27 January 2012
  • ...ea. The ''n''th moment in terms of Doppler velocity is related to that in terms of [[frequency]] by <div class="display-formula"><blockquote>[[File:ams200
    1 KB (193 words) - 23:49, 25 April 2012
  • ...t_definition">To lose water from the soil by [[percolation]]. (Glossary of Terms in Soil Science, Agriculture Department of Canada, Publication 1459, revis
    582 B (79 words) - 00:53, 27 January 2012
  • ...><br/> <div class="paragraph">In air navigation, drift is often couched in terms of angular difference between [[heading]] and [[course]], and thus can be ...the sea, and in bodies of meltwater." (''Glossary of Arctic and Subarctic Terms'', 1955.)</div><br/> </div>
    2 KB (315 words) - 22:05, 20 February 2012
  • ...rection data can be obtained. The processed data are usually presented in terms of height, [[temperature]], [[dewpoint]], and [[winds]] at mandatory and s
    1 KB (144 words) - 23:50, 25 April 2012
  • ... class="paragraph">Drought is a relative term, therefore any discussion in terms of [[precipitation]] deficit must refer to the particular precipitation-re
    1,003 B (125 words) - 13:06, 18 November 2019
  • ...ure]] on a [[thermodynamic diagram]].</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">In terms of pressure ''p'', and [[specific volume]] &#x003b1;, the equation for a dr
    1 KB (140 words) - 23:50, 25 April 2012
  • ... in depth or [[wind speed]]. When such vertical profiles are expressed in terms of dimensionless height and dimensionless wind profile, then the profiles
    788 B (108 words) - 00:54, 27 January 2012
  • ...xplains the regular daily variations in the earth's [[magnetic field]] in terms of electrical currents in the lower [[ionosphere]], generated by tidal mot
    645 B (87 words) - 22:06, 20 February 2012
  • ...lowly than the current in which it is embedded. Although best described in terms of its wavelike characteristics in the [[wind field]], it also consists of
    1 KB (183 words) - 00:55, 27 January 2012
  • ...verning equation can be concisely represented by a much smaller number of terms. The key to this notation is the use of indices (subscripts) ''i'', ''j'',
    1,004 B (139 words) - 00:56, 27 January 2012
  • ...field strength is expressed, in the [[mks system]] of electrical units, in terms of volts per meter and is a [[vector]] quantity. The electric field streng
    821 B (109 words) - 23:53, 25 April 2012
  • ...limate system]], the enhanced greenhouse effect is usually referred to in terms of the [[radiative forcing]] that results at the [[tropopause]], after the
    1 KB (180 words) - 22:09, 20 February 2012
  • ...(ADTIC) Research Studies Institute 1955. Glossary of Arctic and Subarctic Terms. ADTIC Pub. A-105, Maxwell AFB, AL. </div><br/>
    748 B (103 words) - 22:11, 20 February 2012
  • ...n a [[temperature]] of 75&#x000b0;F. The [[power]] used is interpreted in terms of [[equivalent temperatures]].</div><br/> </div>
    622 B (90 words) - 22:11, 20 February 2012
  • ...re surface]] from the [[standard atmosphere]] altitude of that surface) in terms of the three [[dimensions]] of space and one of time.</div><br/> <div clas
    857 B (115 words) - 23:57, 25 April 2012
  • ...bulence kinetic energy]] budget equation and the negative of the [[shear]] terms of that same equation:</div><br/> <div class="paragraph"><div class="displ
    2 KB (232 words) - 23:59, 25 April 2012
  • ...ximum forward distance at which other aircraft can be seen. The companion terms for other aspects of visibility from aircraft are [[vertical visibility]]
    631 B (83 words) - 01:04, 27 January 2012
  • ...">The representation of a function ''f''(''x'') for all values of ''x'' in terms of infinite integrals in the form <div class="display-formula"><blockquot
    568 B (73 words) - 01:04, 27 January 2012
  • ...on, only the cosine terms appear; when ''f''(''x'') is odd, only the sine terms appear. The conditions on ''f''(''x'') guaranteeing [[convergence]] of the
    2 KB (244 words) - 00:00, 26 April 2012
  • ...s survive. It differs from a [[dry freeze]] or [[black frost]], for these terms are usually used to describe purely local freezing due to [[chilling]] of t
    1 KB (149 words) - 00:00, 26 April 2012
  • ...(ADTIC) Research Studies Institute 1955. Glossary of Arctic and Subarctic Terms. ADTIC Pub. A-105, Maxwell AFB, AL, . 90 pp. </div><br/>
    1 KB (201 words) - 22:16, 20 February 2012
  • ...ysis of the structure and development of a region in the [[atmosphere]] in terms of [[fronts]] and [[air masses]].</div><br/> </div>
    361 B (46 words) - 01:05, 27 January 2012
  • ...br/> <div class="paragraph">(Glossary of Permafrost and Related Ground-Ice Terms, National Research Council of Canada, NRCC 27952, Technical Memorandum No.
    638 B (78 words) - 00:01, 26 April 2012
  • ...br/> <div class="paragraph">(Glossary of Permafrost and Related Ground-Ice Terms, National Research Council of Canada, NRCC 27952, Technical Memorandum No.
    631 B (82 words) - 01:05, 27 January 2012
  • ...with ground frost"); and perhaps others. The present trend is to drop such terms in favor of something less ambiguous, such as "day with minimum temperatur
    1 KB (178 words) - 00:01, 26 April 2012
  • ...br/> <div class="paragraph">(Glossary of Permafrost and Related Ground-Ice Terms, National Research Council of Canada, NRCC 27952, Technical Memorandum No.
    550 B (73 words) - 01:06, 27 January 2012
  • ...m]].</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">It is used interchangeably with the terms [[stage]] and [[water level]]; gauge height is more appropriate when used
    464 B (64 words) - 01:07, 27 January 2012
  • ...the physical [[grid]] required for alias-free evaluation of the quadratic terms in the [[equations of motion]] (e.g., [[horizontal advection|horizontal ad
    757 B (96 words) - 00:03, 26 April 2012
  • <div class="definition"><div class="short_definition">Time as considered in terms of the history of the earth.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">It is divide
    637 B (94 words) - 00:03, 26 April 2012
  • ...] due to an earth-centered [[magnetic dipole]] is given by the first three terms of the [[spherical harmonic]] expression of the [[IGRF]] (or [[DGRF]]) [[m
    591 B (80 words) - 01:08, 27 January 2012
  • ...a level to the height at which the mass is located; commonly expressed in terms of [[dynamic height]] or [[geopotential height]].</div><br/> <div class="pa
    807 B (112 words) - 14:35, 14 November 2017
  • ...(ADTIC) Research Studies Institute 1955. Glossary of Arctic and Subarctic Terms. ADTIC Pub. A-105, Maxwell AFB, AL, . 90 pp. </div><br/>
    898 B (122 words) - 22:19, 20 February 2012
  • <div class="definition"><div class="short_definition">In general terms, a quantitative measure of the ability of an assumed functional form to fi
    566 B (82 words) - 22:20, 20 February 2012
  • ...inition"><div class="short_definition">In air navigation, a [[heading]] in terms of [[grid meridians]].</div><br/> </div>
    302 B (37 words) - 01:10, 27 January 2012
  • ...v class="short_definition">(Plural: helia.) Suffix meaning sun or solar in terms related to [[meteorological optics]].</div><br/> <div class="paragraph"><br
    386 B (47 words) - 01:13, 27 January 2012
  • ...tatistical]] order of the forecast equations, other high-order statistical terms appear in those equations, the solutions of which require approximations k
    2 KB (215 words) - 00:08, 26 April 2012
  • ...s, and on or below the land surface.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">In terms of the [[hydrologic cycle]], the scope of hydrology may be defined as that
    1 KB (147 words) - 00:10, 26 April 2012
  • ...rce|Coriolis]], earth curvature, frictional, and vertical [[acceleration]] terms are considered negligible compared with those involving the vertical [[pre
    1 KB (141 words) - 00:10, 26 April 2012
  • ...ought to become aerostatic equilibrium and aerostatic pressure, but these terms are rarely used.</div><br/> </div>
    781 B (106 words) - 00:10, 26 April 2012
  • ...lass="short_definition">A [[finite-difference approximation]] in which the terms producing time change are specified at the predicted time level.</div><br/
    1 KB (158 words) - 22:27, 20 February 2012
  • ...nt in which the dominant balance is between the inertial and the Coriolis terms in the [[equation of motion]], causing [[streamlines]] to be curved to the
    956 B (140 words) - 22:28, 20 February 2012
  • ...pressed here as a [[tensor]]) are functions of position and are defined in terms of the normalized two-point [[velocity]] correlations. <br/>''Compare'' [[
    835 B (108 words) - 00:13, 26 April 2012
  • ...="paragraph">These indicators usually show the position of a [[target]] in terms of spatial coordinates. [[B-scopes]], [[PPI]] scopes, and [[RHI]] scopes a
    719 B (93 words) - 01:19, 27 January 2012
  • ...ormer).</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">This concept is commonly used in terms of a process, "intensification," or descriptively, as an "intense [[low]].
    1 KB (138 words) - 22:29, 20 February 2012
  • [[Category:Terms]]
    1 KB (185 words) - 14:49, 4 September 2019
  • ...class="paragraph">This formula includes a series of [[spherical harmonic]] terms, each of which has a coefficient that determines the strength of that term
    1 KB (164 words) - 01:19, 27 January 2012
  • ...f electrical units (including those of [[power]] and [[energy]]) given in terms of experimentally determined quantities.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">
    832 B (108 words) - 22:29, 20 February 2012
  • ...lly agreed that this front, if one exists, cannot be explained in the same terms as the fronts of higher latitudes. However, the extent to which [[frontal
    846 B (115 words) - 00:14, 26 April 2012
  • ...above the F<sub>2</sub>-layer, have not been generally accepted, and these terms are now obsolete. Over most of the earth, the ionosphere is produced by th
    2 KB (312 words) - 00:15, 26 April 2012
  • ...>Mathematically, the isallobaric wind ''V''<sub>''is''</sub> is defined in terms of the local accelerations but approximated by the [[allobaric]] gradient
    1 KB (187 words) - 00:15, 26 April 2012
  • ... allows the [[scattering]] properties of a real target to be described in terms of those of an equivalent isotropic target. Thus, the [[backscattering cro
    1 KB (146 words) - 01:21, 27 January 2012
  • ...(''x'') = 1 (0 &lt; ''x'' &lt; 1) has ''&#x003b2;''<sub>2</sub> = 1.8. The terms [[leptokurtic]], [[mesokurtic]], and [[platykurtic]] refer to curves for w
    2 KB (260 words) - 14:45, 15 March 2019
  • ...to see an expression like "release of latent heat." In other thermodynamic terms in this glossary, such expressions are avoided in favor of others using en
    2 KB (246 words) - 22:34, 20 February 2012
  • ... Office of Water Data Coordination 1989. The Federal Glossary of Selected Terms: Subsurface Waterflow and Solute Transport. </div><br/>
    685 B (91 words) - 01:24, 27 January 2012
  • ...time step before and one time step ahead of the values that specify other terms of the equation.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">The scheme (''f''<sup>''
    916 B (128 words) - 22:34, 20 February 2012
  • ... obtain the constants of a representation of a known [[variable]] ''Y'' in terms of others ''X''<sub>''i''</sub>. Let ''Y''(''s'') be represented by <div
    2 KB (322 words) - 22:34, 20 February 2012
  • ...e. If the limits of integration are constant with time, then the last two terms are zero, and the derivative of the integral equals the integral of the der
    1 KB (225 words) - 01:25, 27 January 2012
  • ...asier to solve and understand than a [[nonlinear]] one. The [[advection]] terms in the [[fundamental equations of hydrodynamics|fundamental equations of h
    883 B (117 words) - 00:20, 26 April 2012
  • ...A mathematical [[operator]] that involves only a [[linear]] combination of terms or differentials in the [[dependent variable]]; examples are the [[del ope
    1 KB (163 words) - 01:26, 27 January 2012
  • ...finition"><div class="short_definition">Confined to first-degree algebraic terms in the relevant [[variables]].</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">For exampl
    524 B (71 words) - 01:26, 27 January 2012
  • ...two [[perturbation]] quantities is negligible compared to the first-order terms in the perturbations or to the undisturbed variables. This process of [[lin
    1 KB (177 words) - 01:26, 27 January 2012
  • ...rum]]; that is, the first [[moment]] of the Doppler spectrum expressed in terms of [[velocity]].</div><br/> <div class="paragraph"><br/>''See'' [[Doppler s
    465 B (59 words) - 01:28, 27 January 2012
  • ...t divides the [[probability distribution]] into two equal areas. Hence, in terms of the [[distribution function|distribution function]] ''F''(''x''), the m
    1,000 B (149 words) - 00:23, 26 April 2012
  • ...">A [[prediction]] of the future state of the [[atmosphere]], typically in terms of [[state variables]] such as [[temperature]], moisture, and [[momentum]]
    504 B (60 words) - 01:30, 27 January 2012
  • 199 B (19 words) - 18:40, 21 May 2013
  • ...]] at the tops of [[cloud]] or [[fog]] layers within the mixed layer. The terms mixed layer, convective mixed layer, and convective boundary layer commonl
    2 KB (295 words) - 00:26, 26 April 2012
  • ...s for mixing clouds are [[steam]], [[steam fog]], and steam clouds. These terms obscure the essential mechanism by which mixing clouds are formed and confu
    1 KB (165 words) - 00:26, 26 April 2012
  • ...ixing ratio, with ''r'' used for thermodynamic terms in this glossary. In terms of the [[pressure]] ''p'' and [[vapor pressure]] ''e'', the mixing ratio ''
    949 B (130 words) - 01:32, 27 January 2012
  • ...sult of mixing two sinusoidal signals is the multiplicative product, with terms at the sum and difference frequencies. Mixing is used to shift signals to
    1 KB (147 words) - 01:32, 27 January 2012
  • ...ion is more commonly applied to a finite interval of time and the various terms become mean values in this interval.</div><br/> </div>
    944 B (127 words) - 01:32, 27 January 2012
  • ...n a solution.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">The molarity is defined in terms of the number of [[moles]] of the compound dissolved per liter of solution
    477 B (65 words) - 01:32, 27 January 2012
  • <div class="definition"><div class="short_definition">Unpredictable in terms of observable antecedents and known laws.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph"
    510 B (62 words) - 01:35, 27 January 2012
  • ...the "normal" form as the [[sample]] size increases. Formulated in precise terms, this proposition is known as the [[central limit theorem]].</div><br/> </d
    2 KB (293 words) - 13:28, 16 October 2017
  • ...agraph">The right-hand side of the omega equation can also be expressed in terms of the [[divergence]] of the '''Q''' [[vector]].</div><br/> </div><div cla
    1 KB (168 words) - 00:32, 26 April 2012
  • ...nition">The representation, in a dynamic [[model]], of physical effects in terms of admittedly oversimplified parameters, rather than realistically requiri
    599 B (71 words) - 01:39, 27 January 2012
  • ..., ''y'') = 0, it is often advantageous to express both ''x'' and ''y'' in terms of a parameter ''u'': ''x'' = ''g''(''u''); ''y'' = ''G''(''u''). The param
    704 B (98 words) - 01:39, 27 January 2012
  • 699 B (87 words) - 01:16, 26 April 2012
  • ...od of categorizing the [[stability]] of a region of the [[atmosphere]] in terms of the horizontal [[surface wind]], the amount of [[solar radiation]], and
    458 B (59 words) - 00:34, 26 April 2012
  • ....gif|link=|ams2001glos-Pex02]]</div>). The remaining [[nonlinear]] terms (terms that have products of two or more perturbation quantities, such as <div cl
    2 KB (241 words) - 00:35, 26 April 2012
  • ...ass="paragraph">The magnitude is often assumed to be small so that product terms in the [[dependent variables]] may be neglected; the term "perturbation" i
    1 KB (184 words) - 22:50, 20 February 2012
  • ...larized components, a measure of the [[propagation effect]] interpreted in terms of the degree of preferred orientation of the scatterers in the propagatio
    856 B (113 words) - 01:41, 27 January 2012
  • ...der of the earth's radius, obtained by suppressing [[nonlinear]] advection terms from the [[momentum]] equations.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">The rem
    577 B (72 words) - 01:42, 27 January 2012
  • ...h but substantially equal." A more quantitative definition can be given in terms of the Debye shielding distance, the distance over which the density of ne
    1 KB (195 words) - 22:51, 20 February 2012
  • ...mal month-to-month distribution of the normal annual [[precipitation]] in terms of each month's "share" of the annual amount. <br/>''See'' [[isomer]].</di
    682 B (85 words) - 22:51, 20 February 2012
  • ...polar origin.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">This is the major front in terms of [[air mass]] contrast and susceptibility to [[cyclonic]] disturbance. <
    705 B (89 words) - 01:43, 27 January 2012
  • ...ts terms involving the [[vertical velocity]] ''w'', neglects the Coriolis terms proportional to the cosine of the latitude, and makes selective use of ''r
    2 KB (322 words) - 22:53, 20 February 2012
  • ...n frequencies in the Fourier representation of the original function. The terms "power" and "energy" are usually retained to indicate relative dimensions r
    2 KB (345 words) - 22:53, 20 February 2012
  • ...al area extending between any two specified levels, commonly expressed in terms of the height to which that water substance would stand if completely conde
    2 KB (245 words) - 19:43, 13 January 2015
  • ...ion. These forecasts are usually prepared in the form of maps analyzed in terms of D-values at the flight [[pressure altitude]]. During flight, observatio
    1 KB (182 words) - 00:40, 26 April 2012
  • ...short_definition">The mathematical description of a [[random variable]] in terms of its admissible values and the [[probability]] associated, in an appropr
    958 B (129 words) - 01:45, 27 January 2012
  • ...ch as [[cloud optical depth]] and [[emissivity]], may be parameterized in terms of the prognostic cloud [[variables]] and the (radiative) effective radii
    1 KB (182 words) - 00:40, 26 April 2012
  • ...ed to determine the value of that quantity at a later time when the other terms in the equation are known (e.g., [[vorticity equation]]).</div><br/> <div c
    595 B (82 words) - 01:46, 27 January 2012
  • ...ic formula.) The semi-empirical relation giving the [[vapor pressure]] in terms of the [[barometer]] and [[psychrometer]] readings.</div><br/> <div class="
    1 KB (139 words) - 00:41, 26 April 2012
  • ...''Q''<sub>1</sub>, ''Q''<sub>2</sub>, ''Q''<sub>3</sub> and are defined in terms of the [[distribution function]] ''F''(''x'') as follows: <div class="disp
    1 KB (166 words) - 00:41, 26 April 2012
  • ...placed by their [[geostrophic]] values in the horizontal [[acceleration]] terms of the momentum equations, and [[horizontal advection]] in the thermodynami
    1 KB (168 words) - 00:42, 26 April 2012
  • ...gradient]] forces holds, but for which other terms, generally the inertial terms involving temporal change or [[advective acceleration]], play a key dynami
    884 B (109 words) - 00:42, 26 April 2012
  • ..., the quasigeostrophic system of equations is derived from an expansion of terms in powers of the [[Rossby number]], which is presumed small.</div><br/> </
    631 B (87 words) - 01:47, 27 January 2012
  • ...e]]; [[continuous-wave radar|continuous-wave radar]] measures altitude in terms of the [[phase]] difference between the transmitted and received [[signals
    656 B (82 words) - 00:42, 26 April 2012
  • ...of the [[snow]] and ice particles in a unit volume. It may be expressed in terms of the [[drop-size distribution|drop-size distribution]] as <div class="d
    3 KB (437 words) - 00:42, 26 April 2012
  • ...f the [[echoes]] that appear on the [[display]] of a [[weather radar]] in terms of the orientation, [[intensity]], tendency of intensity, height, movement
    745 B (93 words) - 22:56, 20 February 2012
  • ...uations in the received [[signal intensity]], which may be interpreted in terms of the relative velocities among the scatterers in the [[pulse volume]].</d
    678 B (91 words) - 00:42, 26 April 2012
  • ...v><br/> <div class="paragraph">The processed data are usually presented in terms of [[geopotential height]], temperature, and [[dewpoint]] at [[mandatory l
    780 B (94 words) - 00:44, 26 April 2012
  • ...riod.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">The rate is typically expressed in terms of length (depth) per unit time, for example, millimeters per hour, or inc
    601 B (86 words) - 01:49, 27 January 2012
  • ... any such measurement ''x''<sub>i</sub> may be regarded as composed of two terms: <div class="display-formula"><blockquote>[[File:ams2001glos-Re15.gif|link
    1 KB (204 words) - 01:49, 27 January 2012
  • ...="paragraph">The behavior of the waves may be represented statistically in terms of a [[wave spectrum]]. Most sea states may be described as random seas.</
    548 B (78 words) - 01:49, 27 January 2012
  • ...oid barometer]] with a slow leak to the [[aneroid capsule]] calibrated in terms of altitude change.</div><br/> </div>
    580 B (75 words) - 00:45, 26 April 2012
  • ...at a given [[frequency]].</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">It is given in terms of the power output ''P'' and bandwidth ''B'' of the receiver by ''T''<sub>
    1 KB (165 words) - 00:45, 26 April 2012
  • ...aragraph">Mathematically, if ''q'' is the [[ionization]] rate expressed in terms of ion pairs created per unit volume per unit time, ''n''<sub>1</sub> the
    1 KB (220 words) - 00:45, 26 April 2012
  • ...ilities and of their concentrations. The former dependence is expressed in terms of the [[recombination coefficient|recombination coefficient]] of the part
    1 KB (217 words) - 00:45, 26 April 2012
  • ...ort_definition">A formula that relates successive members of a sequence of terms or formulas to earlier members of the sequence, so that all members may be
    405 B (55 words) - 01:50, 27 January 2012
  • ...radiance]] is generally termed [[albedo]], which may also be described in terms of the [[directional-hemispherical reflectance]] (when the incident irradi
    1 KB (169 words) - 00:46, 26 April 2012
  • .../div><br/> <div class="paragraph">It may be of any functional form and the terms may be [[orthogonal]] or not.</div><br/> </div>
    400 B (53 words) - 01:51, 27 January 2012
  • ...ies associated with regression are referred to by the following technical terms: The variance &#x003c3;<sup>2</sup>(''y'') of the regressand is called the
    4 KB (550 words) - 00:46, 26 April 2012
  • ...lass="short_definition">The representation of observed tidal variations in terms of the frequency-dependent [[amplitude]] and [[phase]] responses to [[inpu
    534 B (64 words) - 00:47, 26 April 2012
  • ...nstant]], [[relaxation time]], or [[response time]], although these latter terms use (1 - ''e''<sup>-1</sup>), or about 63%, as the fractional change in st
    1 KB (178 words) - 00:48, 26 April 2012
  • .../sub>.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">S-values are usually expressed in terms of tenths of degrees per hundred degrees [[absolute]] temperature. S-value
    1 KB (145 words) - 01:54, 27 January 2012
  • ...), a new "practical salinity scale" has been determined. It is defined in terms of its electrical conductivity relative to a prescribed [[standard]] and i
    2 KB (263 words) - 23:02, 20 February 2012
  • ...iv><br/> <div class="paragraph">The saturation deficit may be expressed in terms of a [[vapor pressure]] deficit, an [[absolute humidity|absolute humidity]
    1,007 B (135 words) - 00:49, 26 April 2012
  • ... are dominant for a particular phenomenon or situation so that the smaller terms can be neglected, resulting in a simplified set of equations.</div><br/> <
    586 B (78 words) - 01:55, 27 January 2012
  • ...ion characterizing the angular distribution of [[scattered radiation]] in terms of the [[scattering]] angle; usually used in its normalized form as the [[p
    424 B (52 words) - 01:55, 27 January 2012
  • ... corresponding to the two transmitted polarizations, and the off-diagonal terms are the amplitudes of the cross- polarized signals. Each term carries a do
    880 B (115 words) - 01:55, 27 January 2012
  • ...">This might be given in terms of the [[wave spectrum]], or more simply in terms of the [[significant wave height|significant wave height]] and some measur
    532 B (77 words) - 00:50, 26 April 2012
  • ...d as kilograms of sediment per cubic meter of water, or more commonly, in terms of milligrams (mg) of sediment per liter of water.</div><br/> </div>
    663 B (99 words) - 01:56, 27 January 2012
  • ...Because of irregular shapes of natural [[sediment]] particles, defined in terms of similar characteristics and behavior to "equivalent diameter" spherical
    679 B (88 words) - 23:04, 20 February 2012
  • ..."definition"><div class="short_definition">Suffix meaning moon or lunar in terms related to [[meteorological optics]]. The plural is selena.</div><br/> <div
    392 B (49 words) - 01:56, 27 January 2012
  • ...v class="short_definition">A finite difference approximation in which some terms producing time change are specified at an earlier time level.</div><br/> <
    1,022 B (139 words) - 23:05, 20 February 2012
  • ...ents for semiarid climates ranging between 30% and 50%. In broad economic terms, variability restricts the potential use of these lands. Arid climates are
    2 KB (209 words) - 00:51, 26 April 2012
  • ...international code used to report the direction of [[sferics]] azimuth in terms of bearings from the observing [[station]].</div><br/> <div class="paragrap
    467 B (60 words) - 01:57, 27 January 2012
  • ... report the direction of [[sferics]] azimuth for the previous 24 hours in terms of bearings from the observing [[station]].</div><br/> </div>
    389 B (50 words) - 01:57, 27 January 2012
  • ...es and evaluating received signals ([[waveform]], [[frequency]], etc.) in terms of source.</div><br/> </div>
    631 B (78 words) - 01:57, 27 January 2012
  • ...average. The ratio of the buoyant to the negative of the shear production terms is also known as the [[flux Richardson number]] and is a measure of [[dynam
    2 KB (212 words) - 00:52, 26 April 2012
  • ...of the sky. In weather observing practice, showers are always reported in terms of the basic type of [[precipitation]] that is falling, that is, [[rain]]
    793 B (108 words) - 01:58, 27 January 2012
  • ...d navigation]]. Single-heading navigation is not necessarily economical in terms of least time, but its advantage lies in its simplicity. <br/>''Compare''
    930 B (125 words) - 00:53, 26 April 2012
  • ...(ADTIC) Research Studies Institute 1955. Glossary of Arctic and Subarctic Terms. ADTIC Pub. A-105, Maxwell AFB, AL, . 90 pp. </div><br/>
    949 B (127 words) - 23:08, 20 February 2012
  • ...(ADTIC) Research Studies Institute 1955. Glossary of Arctic and Subarctic Terms. ADTIC Pub. A-105, Maxwell AFB, AL, . 90 pp. </div><br/>
    651 B (84 words) - 00:54, 26 April 2012
  • ... the snow-generating level. [[snow trails|Snow trails]], or streamers, are terms used to describe the trails of [[precipitation]] that subsequently emerge
    1 KB (148 words) - 00:54, 26 April 2012
  • == source terms ==
    763 B (102 words) - 02:01, 27 January 2012
  • ... terms, and [[energy conversion]] terms, as well as parameterized physics terms. This is the most common kind of spectral model, as it avoids the expensiv
    889 B (124 words) - 02:02, 27 January 2012
  • ...the total solution are integrated using relatively small time steps, while terms contributing to lower frequencies are integrated using relatively long tim
    586 B (73 words) - 02:03, 27 January 2012
  • ...t the average effect of unresolved phenomena on larger-scale phenomena in terms of a random forcing.</div><br/> </div>
    729 B (97 words) - 02:05, 27 January 2012
  • ... The process is analogous to [[evaporation]] of a liquid. Colloquially the terms are used interchangeably for the solid&ndash;vapor transition ([[evaporati
    986 B (134 words) - 01:01, 26 April 2012
  • ...y of human comfort and air conditioning. Sultriness has been expressed in terms of the values of various measures of comfort. Some of the lower limits are
    1 KB (164 words) - 23:15, 20 February 2012
  • ...y]] applied to a given surface.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">The main terms involved include the vertical fluxes of [[energy]] into or out of the surfa
    846 B (121 words) - 02:08, 27 January 2012
  • ...>This expression is applied loosely and about equally to the more specific terms: [[station pressure]] and [[sea level pressure]].</div><br/> </div>
    496 B (64 words) - 02:08, 27 January 2012
  • ...he [[datum]] to which levels on land surveys are related; often defined in terms of a [[mean sea level]].</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">A survey datum
    468 B (66 words) - 02:08, 27 January 2012
  • ...me interval.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">Tau-values are expressed in terms of feet per hour. Tau-value lines are drawn on 4D charts and compose the t
    736 B (106 words) - 02:09, 27 January 2012
  • ...]] obtained by truncation of a [[Taylor series]] after a finite number of terms.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph"><br/>''See'' [[Taylor's theorem]].</div>
    409 B (51 words) - 02:09, 27 January 2012
  • ...ure due to vertical motion through the level ''h''. In general, these two terms balance one another so that the pressure tendency is obtained as a small d
    2 KB (350 words) - 01:04, 26 April 2012
  • ...st demonstrated by expressing the thermal wind '''v'''<sub>''T''</sub> in terms of the [[thickness]] ''h'' of the layer: <div class="display-formula"><blo
    1 KB (194 words) - 01:05, 26 April 2012
  • ...> <div class="paragraph">The thermodynamic speed limit may be expressed in terms of CAPE as (2 CAPE)<sup>1/2</sup>, where CAPE is the [[convective availabl
    775 B (101 words) - 01:05, 26 April 2012
  • ...occasions, but is not always sufficient to decipher them. Moreover, these terms are not restricted to [[electromagnetic waves]] but may be applied to tran
    2 KB (281 words) - 01:08, 26 April 2012
  • ...s a [[vector product]]. When '''A''', '''B''', and '''C''' are written in terms of their components along the ''x'', ''y'', and ''z'' axes of the [[rectang
    1 KB (170 words) - 01:08, 26 April 2012
  • ... observations, it is the true wind direction that is reported, usually in terms of tens of degrees in the 360&#x000b0; [[compass]].</div><br/> </div>
    588 B (80 words) - 23:21, 20 February 2012
  • ...perfect gases. When ''p'' is small and &#x003b1; is large, the correction terms are small and the two equations become identical.</div><br/> </div>
    1 KB (182 words) - 01:11, 26 April 2012
  • ...s is zero or the two are parallel. When '''A''' and '''B''' are written in terms of their components along the ''x'', ''y'', and ''z'' axes of the [[rectan
    2 KB (236 words) - 23:24, 20 February 2012
  • ...by '''i''', '''j''', and '''k'''. Any vector '''A''' can be represented in terms of its components ''a''<sub>1</sub>, ''a''<sub>2</sub>, and ''a''<sub>3</s
    2 KB (240 words) - 01:11, 26 April 2012
  • ...egral relation that expresses the mean stress between any two stations in terms of the difference in the [[velocity]] profiles between the stations.</div><
    639 B (89 words) - 23:24, 20 February 2012
  • ...ange of a [[position vector]]; that is, a change of position expressed in terms of speed and direction.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">If '''x''' is the
    690 B (96 words) - 02:17, 27 January 2012
  • ... that viscous effects may be neglected relative to the leading [''O''(1)] terms in the [[Navier&ndash;Stokes equations|Navier&ndash;Stokes equations]]. Ho
    2 KB (363 words) - 01:12, 26 April 2012
  • ... coordinate. With height as the vertical coordinate, and with [[friction]] terms omitted, the vertical component of the vorticity equation is <div class="
    3 KB (400 words) - 01:13, 26 April 2012
  • ...br/> <div class="paragraph">In the southwest United States, the equivalent terms would be [[arroyo]] or wash.</div><br/> </div>
    475 B (66 words) - 02:19, 27 January 2012
  • #<div class="definition"><div class="short_definition">In simple terms, the number of [[wave crests]] that pass a fixed point per second of time,
    914 B (130 words) - 02:20, 27 January 2012
  • <div class="definition"><div class="short_definition">In simple terms, the vertical distance between a [[wave crest]] and the preceding or follo
    753 B (100 words) - 02:20, 27 January 2012
  • <div class="definition"><div class="short_definition">In simple terms, the horizontal distance between successive [[wave crests]] measured perpe
    700 B (91 words) - 02:20, 27 January 2012
  • ...o days) variations in the atmosphere. Popularly, weather is thought of in terms of [[temperature]], [[humidity]], [[precipitation]], [[cloudiness]], [[vis
    2 KB (301 words) - 16:13, 25 March 2015
  • ...e, rotating column of air.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">More specific terms are [[dust whirl]], [[dust devil|dust devil]], [[waterspout]], and [[torna
    425 B (53 words) - 01:16, 26 April 2012
  • ...iv><br/> <div class="paragraph">The vertical [[shear]] can be expressed in terms of height &part;''V''/&part;''z'' or of [[pressure]] &part;''V''/&part;''p'
    845 B (126 words) - 01:16, 26 April 2012
  • ...he sun time. The depth and breadth of the [[trace]] may be interpreted in terms of the approximate [[intensity]] of the sun.</div><br/> </div><div class="
    848 B (127 words) - 21:47, 20 February 2012
  • ...ries of simplifications of the full [[turbulence]] model to remove complex terms and form a closed set of equations leads to a hierarchy of so-called closu
    758 B (100 words) - 22:39, 20 February 2012
  • ...inition"><div class="short_definition">An abbreviation used informally for terms such as "[[bathymetric chart|bathymetric]]," "bathythermal," orĀ "[[bathyth
    1 KB (146 words) - 14:12, 29 May 2020

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