Absolute cavity radiometer
From AMS Glossary
absolute cavity radiometer
A combined electrical substitution and cavity radiometer where the electrical substitution inequivalence, efficiency of the cavity, the area of the entrance aperture, radiative and conductive losses, and other energy exchanges are accounted for such that the electrically substituted heating can be absolutely equated to the radiant heating of the detector.
Most currently existing absolute cavity radiometers are designed for the measurement of direct solar irradiance. The World Radiation Reference (WRR) scale for solar irradiance observations used in many meteorological and climatological applications is defined by a group of well-characterized absolute cavity radiometers maintained by the World Radiation Center (WRC) in Davos, Switzerland.