Conduction

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conduction

Transport of energy (charge) solely as a consequence of random motions of individual molecules (ions, electrons) not moving together in coherent groups.

Conduction of energy is a consequence of temperature gradients; conduction of charge (electrical conduction) is a consequence of electric potential gradients. Conduction is distinguished from convection in which energy (or charge) is transported by molecules (ions, electrons) moving together in coherent groups.

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