Synoptic weather observation
From AMS Glossary
synoptic weather observation
A surface weather observation, made at periodic times (usually at three-hourly and six-hourly intervals specified by the World Meteorological Organization), of sky cover, state of the sky, cloud height, atmospheric pressure reduced to sea level, temperature, dewpoint, wind speed and direction, amount of precipitation, hydrometeors and lithometeors, and special phenomena that prevail at the time of the observation or have been observed since the previous specified observation.
Compare aviation weather observation.