Amplitude

From Glossary of Meteorology
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amplitude

Often the greatest magnitude at a given point of any spatially and temporally varying physical quantity governed by a wave equation; can also mean the spatial part of a time-harmonic wave function.

For example, in the time-harmonic (or sinusoidal) scalar wave function with circular frequency ω,
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where φ(x) is the (complex) amplitude of the wave, although the modulus of φ also may be called its amplitude. The (complex) amplitude of the scalar plane harmonic wave
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with wavenumber k and initial phase θ is A exp(ikxiθ), the modulus of which,
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, is also called the amplitude of the wave. In its most general sense, amplitude means extent or size. Thus the amplitude of a wave is some measure of its size.