Fed by the South Equatorial Current
, it flows as a narrow, swift current from 10°S southward along the South American coast. The Brazil Current is one of the weaker western boundary currents with a total transport
of less than 30 Sv (30 × 106
), half of this occurring over the shelf. Current speed is below or near 1 m s-1
. The current separates from the coast somewhere between 33° and 38°S, forming a front with the northward flowing Malvinas (Falkland) Current
and continuing southward on the eastern side of the front. The separation point is more northward in summer (December–February). The southernmost extent of the Brazil Current varies between 38° and 46°S on a two-month timescale associated with eddy
shedding. The current continues eastward as the South Atlantic Current
Copyright 2022 American Meteorological Society (AMS). For permission to reuse any portion of this work, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org. Any use of material in this work that is determined to be “fair use” under Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Act (17 U.S. Code § 107) or that satisfies the conditions specified in Section 108 of the U.S.Copyright Act (17 USC § 108) does not require AMS’s permission. Republication, systematic reproduction, posting in electronic form, such as on a website or in a searchable database, or other uses of this material, except as exempted by the above statement, require written permission or a license from AMS. Additional details are provided in the AMS Copyright Policy statement.