From Glossary of Meteorology
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Seawater containing a higher concentration of dissolved salt than that of the ordinary ocean.

Brine is produced by the evaporation or freezing of seawater, for, in the latter case, the sea ice formed is much less saline than the initial liquid, leaving the adjacent unfrozen water with increased salinity. The liquid remaining after seawater has been concentrated by evaporation until salt has crystallized is called bittern.

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