Difference between revisions of "Coastal upwelling"

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<div class="definition"><div class="short_definition">The rising of water from between 200 and 400 m to the surface along coastlines  where an alongshore blowing [[wind]] has the coast on its left in the Northern Hemisphere or on its  right in the Southern Hemisphere.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">Because the surface currents of the [[Ekman spiral]] are deflected offshore in these situations, the  [[surface water]] is drawn away from the coast, causing the colder water from deeper layers to upwell.  The associated lowering of the [[sea surface temperature]] results in atmospheric [[heat]] loss and  modifies the local [[climate]]. The upwelled water is also rich in nutrients, and coastal upwelling  regions are among the most important fishing regions of the World Ocean. The most important  coastal upwelling regions are found in the eastern [[boundary currents]] of the subtropical [[gyres]],  that is, in the [[Peru/Chile]], [[California]], [[Benguela]], and [[Canary Currents]]. The [[Somali]], [[East Arabian]],  and [[South Java Currents]] develop [[upwelling]] on a seasonal basis.</div><br/> </div>
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<div class="definition"><div class="short_definition">The rising of water from between 200 and 400 m to the surface along coastlines  where an alongshore blowing [[wind]] has the coast on its left in the Northern Hemisphere or on its  right in the Southern Hemisphere.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">Because the surface currents of the [[Ekman spiral]] are deflected offshore in these situations, the  [[surface water]] is drawn away from the coast, causing the colder water from deeper layers to upwell.  The associated lowering of the [[sea surface temperature]] results in atmospheric [[heat]] loss and  modifies the local [[climate]]. The upwelled water is also rich in nutrients, and coastal upwelling  regions are among the most important fishing regions of the World Ocean. The most important  coastal upwelling regions are found in the eastern [[boundary currents]] of the subtropical [[gyres]],  that is, in the [[Peru/Chile Current|Peru/Chile]], [[California Current|California]], [[Benguela Current|Benguela]], and [[Canary Currents]]. The [[Somali Current|Somali]], [[East Arabian Current|East Arabian]],  and [[South Java Currents]] develop [[upwelling]] on a seasonal basis.</div><br/> </div>
 
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Latest revision as of 16:39, 25 April 2012



coastal upwelling

The rising of water from between 200 and 400 m to the surface along coastlines where an alongshore blowing wind has the coast on its left in the Northern Hemisphere or on its right in the Southern Hemisphere.

Because the surface currents of the Ekman spiral are deflected offshore in these situations, the surface water is drawn away from the coast, causing the colder water from deeper layers to upwell. The associated lowering of the sea surface temperature results in atmospheric heat loss and modifies the local climate. The upwelled water is also rich in nutrients, and coastal upwelling regions are among the most important fishing regions of the World Ocean. The most important coastal upwelling regions are found in the eastern boundary currents of the subtropical gyres, that is, in the Peru/Chile, California, Benguela, and Canary Currents. The Somali, East Arabian, and South Java Currents develop upwelling on a seasonal basis.