- An organized unit of convection within a convecting layer.
It is isolated by a stream surface, with ascending motion in the center and descending motion near the periphery, or vice versa. In laboratory convection, such cells (sometimes referred to as Bénard cells) are usually roughly as deep as they are wide, may take the form of squares, triangles, or hexagons, and may be laminar or turbulent and steady or oscillatory. In atmospheric boundary layer convection, this term refers to an organization of turbulent convection on horizontal scales at least as large as the depth of the convective boundary layer. In the case of cloud-topped boundary layers, convection cells may take the form of open cells, with broad, cloud-free areas of gentle descent surrounded by narrow updrafts within cumulus clouds, or may take the form of closed cells in stratocumulus clouds, characterized by narrow downdrafts at the periphery.
See also cell, airmass thunderstorm, ordinary cell.
- In the case of precipitating moist convection, refers to a distinct unit of convection, often having its own closed contours of radar reflectivity and a lifetime of roughly 20–30 minutes.
Such a cell generally begins as a cumulus updraft, then develops a precipitation-driven downdraft, and finally decays as a general, cloudy area containing weak downdrafts.
Copyright 2022 American Meteorological Society (AMS). For permission to reuse any portion of this work, please contact [email protected]. Any use of material in this work that is determined to be “fair use” under Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Act (17 U.S. Code § 107) or that satisfies the conditions specified in Section 108 of the U.S.Copyright Act (17 USC § 108) does not require AMS’s permission. Republication, systematic reproduction, posting in electronic form, such as on a website or in a searchable database, or other uses of this material, except as exempted by the above statement, require written permission or a license from AMS. Additional details are provided in the AMS Copyright Policy statement.