Convective transport theory

From Glossary of Meteorology

convective transport theory

A relationship between surface fluxes and state of the air in the mid mixed layer, which applies to situations where convective thermals are causing nonlocal transport vertically in the atmospheric boundary layer.

The kinematic flux FS of variable S is
where wB is the buoyancy velocity, Ssfc skin is the value of S at the solid surface of the earth, Smid-ML is the value of S near the middle of the convective mixed layer, and bS is an empirical parameter of order 10-3.