Difference between revisions of "Haboob"

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<div class="definition"><div class="short_definition">(Many variant spellings, including habbub, habub, haboub, hubbob, hubbub.) A strong [[wind]] and [[sandstorm]] or [[duststorm]] in northern and central Sudan, especially around Khartoum,  where the average number is about 24 a year.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">The name comes from the Arabic word habb, meaning "wind." Haboobs are most frequent from May through September, especially in June, but they have occurred in every month except  November. Their average duration is three hours; they are most severe in April and May when the soil is driest. They may approach from any direction, but most commonly from the north in winter  and from the south, southeast, or east in summer. The average maximum wind velocity is over 13  m s<sup>-1</sup> (30 mph) and a speed of 28 m s<sup>-1</sup> (62 mph) has been recorded. The sand and [[dust]] form a  dense whirling wall that may be 1000 m (3000 ft) high; it is often preceded by isolated [[dust  whirls]]. During these storms, enormous quantities of sand are deposited. Haboobs usually occur  after a few days of rising [[temperature]] and falling [[pressure]].</div><br/> </div><div class="reference">Sutton, L. J. 1925. Haboobs. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc.. 51. 25&ndash;30. </div><br/>
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<div class="definition"><div class="short_definition">(''Many variant spellings, including'' habbub, habub, haboub, hubbob, hubbub.)<br/> An intense [[sandstorm]] or [[duststorm]] caused by strong winds, with sand and/or dust often lofted to heights as high as 1500 m (~5000 ft), resulting in a “wall of dust” along the leading edge of the haboob that can be visually stunning. There is commonly a rapid and significant reduction in [[visibility]] and an increase in wind speed following the passage of the leading edge of a haboob, which can last for tens of minutes to a few hours. Haboobs are often caused by an atmospheric gravity or [[density current]], such as [[thunderstorm outflow]], but can also occur as a result of strong [[synoptic]] gradient winds, such as following a [[dryline]] or dry [[frontal passage]]. When a haboob is caused by a strong density current, the leading edge wall of dust roughly conforms to the shape of the associated density current head. Haboobs occur fairly regularly in the arid and semiarid regions of the world and can occur in any dry region. Sometimes they deposit enormous quantities of sand and/or dust.
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</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">The name comes from the Arabic word habb, meaning “wind.” The term “haboob” originated as a description for wind and sandstorms/duststorms in central and northern Sudan, especially around the Khartoum area, where the average number is about 24 per year, with the most frequent occurrences from May through September. However, the term is now commonly used to describe any wind-driven sandstorm or dust storm in arid or semiarid regions around the world, and haboobs have been observed in the Middle East/Arabian Peninsula, the Sahara Desert, central Australia, and the arid regions of southwest North America, from the Sonoran Desert of northwest Mexico and Arizona to the western portions of the Great Plains of the United States..</div><br/>References: </div><div class="reference">Idso, S. B., R. S. Ingram, and J. M. Pritchard, 1972: An American haboob. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 53, 930–935, doi:10.1175/1520-0477(1972)053<0930:AAH>2.0.CO;2 </div><br/>Sutton, L. J. 1925. Haboobs. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc.. 51. 25&ndash;30.  
  
 
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Revision as of 11:07, 4 December 2014



haboob

(Many variant spellings, including habbub, habub, haboub, hubbob, hubbub.)
An intense sandstorm or duststorm caused by strong winds, with sand and/or dust often lofted to heights as high as 1500 m (~5000 ft), resulting in a “wall of dust” along the leading edge of the haboob that can be visually stunning. There is commonly a rapid and significant reduction in visibility and an increase in wind speed following the passage of the leading edge of a haboob, which can last for tens of minutes to a few hours. Haboobs are often caused by an atmospheric gravity or density current, such as thunderstorm outflow, but can also occur as a result of strong synoptic gradient winds, such as following a dryline or dry frontal passage. When a haboob is caused by a strong density current, the leading edge wall of dust roughly conforms to the shape of the associated density current head. Haboobs occur fairly regularly in the arid and semiarid regions of the world and can occur in any dry region. Sometimes they deposit enormous quantities of sand and/or dust.

The name comes from the Arabic word habb, meaning “wind.” The term “haboob” originated as a description for wind and sandstorms/duststorms in central and northern Sudan, especially around the Khartoum area, where the average number is about 24 per year, with the most frequent occurrences from May through September. However, the term is now commonly used to describe any wind-driven sandstorm or dust storm in arid or semiarid regions around the world, and haboobs have been observed in the Middle East/Arabian Peninsula, the Sahara Desert, central Australia, and the arid regions of southwest North America, from the Sonoran Desert of northwest Mexico and Arizona to the western portions of the Great Plains of the United States..

References:
Idso, S. B., R. S. Ingram, and J. M. Pritchard, 1972: An American haboob. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 53, 930–935, doi:10.1175/1520-0477(1972)053<0930:AAH>2.0.CO;2

Sutton, L. J. 1925. Haboobs. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc.. 51. 25–30.