Difference between revisions of "Oscillation"

From Glossary of Meteorology
imported>Perlwikibot
imported>Liss45
 
(3 intermediate revisions by 2 users not shown)
Line 7: Line 7:
 
   <div class="term">
 
   <div class="term">
 
== oscillation ==
 
== oscillation ==
   </div>
+
    
  
 
#<div class="definition"><div class="short_definition">A swinging, as of a pendulum.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">Often applied to periodic motion or [[variation]] in time of any quantity, although may mean  any more or less regular variation between fixed bounds. Fluctuation is more suggestive of irregular  variation. Vibration is a near synonym except that oscillation is applied to variations in space as  well as time. The [[amplitude]] of a [[damped oscillation]] steadily decreases. Oscillations are said to  be forced or free according to whether the oscillating system is or is not acted upon by an external  force, although what constitutes such a force is a matter of convention. An ordinary pendulum is  acted on by the external [[force of gravity]], and yet the pendulum probably would be described as  undergoing free oscillation.</div><br/> </div>
 
#<div class="definition"><div class="short_definition">A swinging, as of a pendulum.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">Often applied to periodic motion or [[variation]] in time of any quantity, although may mean  any more or less regular variation between fixed bounds. Fluctuation is more suggestive of irregular  variation. Vibration is a near synonym except that oscillation is applied to variations in space as  well as time. The [[amplitude]] of a [[damped oscillation]] steadily decreases. Oscillations are said to  be forced or free according to whether the oscillating system is or is not acted upon by an external  force, although what constitutes such a force is a matter of convention. An ordinary pendulum is  acted on by the external [[force of gravity]], and yet the pendulum probably would be described as  undergoing free oscillation.</div><br/> </div>
#<div class="definition"><div class="short_definition">As used by Sir Gilbert Walker, a single number, empirically derived, that represents the  distribution of [[pressure]] and [[temperature]] over a wide ocean area.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">Basically, the process is one of [[weighting]] pressure and temperature values for selected island  and coastal stations, and algebraically combining them. These numbers were originally employed  in correlations with single [[station]] values. Three such "oscillations" were derived: the [[North Atlantic oscillation]]; the [[North Pacific oscillation]]; and the [[Southern Oscillation]].</div><br/> </div>
+
#<div class="definition"><div class="short_definition">As used by Sir Gilbert Walker, a single number, empirically derived, that represents the  distribution of [[pressure]] and [[temperature]] over a wide ocean area.</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">Basically, the process is one of [[weighting]] pressure and temperature values for selected island  and coastal stations, and algebraically combining them. These numbers were originally employed  in correlations with single [[station]] values. Three such "oscillations" were derived: the [[North Atlantic Oscillation]]; the [[North Pacific Oscillation]]; and the [[Southern oscillation|Southern Oscillation]].</div><br/> </div>
 
</div>
 
</div>
  

Latest revision as of 10:13, 22 October 2014



oscillation

  1. A swinging, as of a pendulum.

    Often applied to periodic motion or variation in time of any quantity, although may mean any more or less regular variation between fixed bounds. Fluctuation is more suggestive of irregular variation. Vibration is a near synonym except that oscillation is applied to variations in space as well as time. The amplitude of a damped oscillation steadily decreases. Oscillations are said to be forced or free according to whether the oscillating system is or is not acted upon by an external force, although what constitutes such a force is a matter of convention. An ordinary pendulum is acted on by the external force of gravity, and yet the pendulum probably would be described as undergoing free oscillation.

  2. As used by Sir Gilbert Walker, a single number, empirically derived, that represents the distribution of pressure and temperature over a wide ocean area.

    Basically, the process is one of weighting pressure and temperature values for selected island and coastal stations, and algebraically combining them. These numbers were originally employed in correlations with single station values. Three such "oscillations" were derived: the North Atlantic Oscillation; the North Pacific Oscillation; and the Southern Oscillation.