Difference between revisions of "Snow forest climate"

From Glossary of Meteorology
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<div class="definition"><div class="short_definition">A major category (the ''D'' climates) in W. K&#x000f6;ppen's [[climatic classification]],  defined by a coldest-month [[mean temperature]] of less than -3&#x000b0;C (26.6&#x000b0;F) and a warmest-month  mean temperature of greater than 10&#x000b0;C (50&#x000b0;F).</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">The first limit separates it from [[temperate rainy climates]], and the second from [[tundra climates]].  It is distinguished from the [[dry climates]] by a function of annual [[temperature]] and [[precipitation]]  (see formulas under [[steppe climate]]). The outstanding feature of these climates is the cold winters  with at least a month of snow-covered ground. These are the coldest of the [[tree climates]]. In C.  W. Thornthwaite's classifications, this general type of [[climate]] would be 1) in the 1931 system,  [[humid]] or [[subhumid]] and [[microthermal climate]], or [[taiga climate]]; and 2) in the 1948 system,  humid or moist subhumid and microthermal climate.</div><br/> </div><div class="reference">K&#x000f6;ppen, W. P., and R. Geiger 1930&ndash;1939. Handbuch der Klimatologie. Berlin: Gebruder Borntraeger, 6 vols. </div><br/> <div class="reference">Thornthwaite, C. W. 1931. The climates of North America according to a new classification. Geogr. Rev..  21. 633&ndash;655. </div><br/> <div class="reference">Thornthwaite, C. W. 1948. An approach toward a rational classification of climate. Geogr. Rev.. 38. 55&ndash;94. </div><br/>  
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<div class="definition"><div class="short_definition">A major category (the ''D'' climates) in W. K&#x000f6;ppen's [[climatic classification]],  defined by a coldest-month [[mean temperature]] of less than -3&#x000b0;C (26.6&#x000b0;F) and a warmest-month  mean temperature of greater than 10&#x000b0;C (50&#x000b0;F).</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">The first limit separates it from [[temperate rainy climates]], and the second from [[tundra climates]].  It is distinguished from the [[dry climates]] by a function of annual [[temperature]] and [[precipitation]]  (see formulas under [[steppe climate]]). The outstanding feature of these climates is the cold winters  with at least a month of snow-covered ground. These are the coldest of the [[tree climates]]. In C.  W. Thornthwaite's classifications, this general type of [[climate]] would be 1) in the 1931 system,  [[humid climate|humid]] or [[subhumid climate|subhumid]] and [[microthermal climate]], or [[taiga climate]]; and 2) in the 1948 system,  humid or moist subhumid and microthermal climate.</div><br/> </div><div class="reference">K&#x000f6;ppen, W. P., and R. Geiger 1930&ndash;1939. Handbuch der Klimatologie. Berlin: Gebruder Borntraeger, 6 vols. </div><br/> <div class="reference">Thornthwaite, C. W. 1931. The climates of North America according to a new classification. Geogr. Rev..  21. 633&ndash;655. </div><br/> <div class="reference">Thornthwaite, C. W. 1948. An approach toward a rational classification of climate. Geogr. Rev.. 38. 55&ndash;94. </div><br/>  
 
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Latest revision as of 17:54, 25 April 2012



snow forest climate

A major category (the D climates) in W. Köppen's climatic classification, defined by a coldest-month mean temperature of less than -3°C (26.6°F) and a warmest-month mean temperature of greater than 10°C (50°F).

The first limit separates it from temperate rainy climates, and the second from tundra climates. It is distinguished from the dry climates by a function of annual temperature and precipitation (see formulas under steppe climate). The outstanding feature of these climates is the cold winters with at least a month of snow-covered ground. These are the coldest of the tree climates. In C. W. Thornthwaite's classifications, this general type of climate would be 1) in the 1931 system, humid or subhumid and microthermal climate, or taiga climate; and 2) in the 1948 system, humid or moist subhumid and microthermal climate.

Köppen, W. P., and R. Geiger 1930–1939. Handbuch der Klimatologie. Berlin: Gebruder Borntraeger, 6 vols.

Thornthwaite, C. W. 1931. The climates of North America according to a new classification. Geogr. Rev.. 21. 633–655.

Thornthwaite, C. W. 1948. An approach toward a rational classification of climate. Geogr. Rev.. 38. 55–94.