Solar atmospheric tide

From Glossary of Meteorology
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solar atmospheric tide

An atmospheric tide due to the thermal or gravitational action of the sun.

Six- and eight-hour components of small amplitude have been observed. They are primarily thermal in origin. The 12-hour component has by many times the greatest amplitude of any atmospheric tidal component, about 1.5 mb at the equator and 0.5 mb in mid-latitudes. This relatively large amplitude is often explained as a resonance effect. The 24-hour component is a thermal tide with great local variability.