Difference between revisions of "Tropical meteorology"

From Glossary of Meteorology
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== tropical meteorology ==
 
== tropical meteorology ==
  
<div class="definition"><div class="short_definition">The study of the tropical [[atmosphere]].</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">The dividing lines, in each hemisphere, between the [[tropical easterlies]] and the midlatitude  [[westerlies]] in the middle [[troposphere]] roughly define the poleward boundaries of this region.  Whereas many [[circulation]] systems in middle and high latitudes are nearly [[adiabatic]] and [[quasigeostrophic]],  tropical systems are often strongly influenced by [[cumulus]] convection and surface  heating, and can be less often dealt with using quasigeostrophic techniques. Many tropical circulations  are driven or strongly influenced by coupling with the ocean. Examples of important  tropical systems include the [[Hadley cell|Hadley]] and [[Walker circulations]], [[monsoons]], [[tropical cyclones]], the  [[Madden-julian oscillation|Madden&ndash;Julian oscillation]], [[easterly waves]], and [[Enso|El Ni&#x000F1;o&ndash;Southern Oscillation]]. The stratospheric  circulation is dominated by the [[quasi-biennial oscillation]] and also contains the ascent branch of the Dobson circulation. Although tropical meteorology may be said to be a distinct endeavor, there  are strong interactions between tropical and [[extratropical]] circulation systems.</div><br/> </div>
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<div class="definition"><div class="short_definition">The study of the tropical [[atmosphere]].</div><br/> <div class="paragraph">The dividing lines, in each hemisphere, between the [[tropical easterlies]] and the midlatitude  [[westerlies]] in the middle [[troposphere]] roughly define the poleward boundaries of this region.  Whereas many [[circulation]] systems in middle and high latitudes are nearly [[adiabatic]] and [[quasigeostrophic]],  tropical systems are often strongly influenced by [[cumulus]] convection and surface  heating, and can be less often dealt with using quasigeostrophic techniques. Many tropical circulations  are driven or strongly influenced by coupling with the ocean. Examples of important  tropical systems include the [[Hadley cell|Hadley]] and [[Walker circulations]], [[monsoons]], [[tropical cyclones]], the  [[Madden-julian oscillation|Madden&ndash;Julian oscillation]], [[easterly waves]], and [[Enso|El Ni&#x000F1;o&ndash;Southern Oscillation]]. The stratospheric  circulation is dominated by the [[quasi-biennial oscillation]] and also contains the ascent branch of the [[Brewer&ndash;Dobson circulation]]. Although tropical meteorology may be said to be a distinct endeavor, there  are strong interactions between tropical and [[extratropical]] circulation systems.</div><br/> </div>
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<p>''Term updated 12 June 2017.''</p>
  
 
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Latest revision as of 08:18, 12 June 2017



tropical meteorology

The study of the tropical atmosphere.

The dividing lines, in each hemisphere, between the tropical easterlies and the midlatitude westerlies in the middle troposphere roughly define the poleward boundaries of this region. Whereas many circulation systems in middle and high latitudes are nearly adiabatic and quasigeostrophic, tropical systems are often strongly influenced by cumulus convection and surface heating, and can be less often dealt with using quasigeostrophic techniques. Many tropical circulations are driven or strongly influenced by coupling with the ocean. Examples of important tropical systems include the Hadley and Walker circulations, monsoons, tropical cyclones, the Madden–Julian oscillation, easterly waves, and El Niño–Southern Oscillation. The stratospheric circulation is dominated by the quasi-biennial oscillation and also contains the ascent branch of the Brewer–Dobson circulation. Although tropical meteorology may be said to be a distinct endeavor, there are strong interactions between tropical and extratropical circulation systems.

Term updated 12 June 2017.