Airmass climatology

From Glossary of Meteorology

airmass climatology

The representation of the climate of a region by the frequency and characteristics of the air masses under which it lies; basically, a type of synoptic climatology.

It is a development of the representation of the weather associated with winds of different directions (thermal wind roses, etc.) by taking account of the source and trajectory of the air, and it gives a more dynamic picture of the climate than do monthly averages. The first detailed study was by E. Dinies (1932). Dinies gave tables of average temperature, humidity, and cloudiness in Germany associated with eight classes of air in winter and summer (Durst 1951). Similar tables have since been constructed for many parts of the world.

Dinies, E. 1932. Luftkörper-Klimatologie. Aus. d. Arch. dtsch. Seew. 50. No. 6.

Durst, C. S. 1951. Compendium of Meteorology. 967–975.

Copyright 2022 American Meteorological Society (AMS). For permission to reuse any portion of this work, please contact Any use of material in this work that is determined to be “fair use” under Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Act (17 U.S. Code § 107) or that satisfies the conditions specified in Section 108 of the U.S.Copyright Act (17 USC § 108) does not require AMS’s permission. Republication, systematic reproduction, posting in electronic form, such as on a website or in a searchable database, or other uses of this material, except as exempted by the above statement, require written permission or a license from AMS. Additional details are provided in the AMS Copyright Policy statement.