East Greenland Current
A southward flowing current along Greenland's east coast that forms part of the North Atlantic subpolar gyre
and at the same time constitutes the major outflow
route of Arctic water into the Atlantic.
This water has a salinity
of 30–33 psu
and a temperature
below -1°C. Some of it is diverted just north of Denmark Strait and northeast of Iceland into the East Iceland Current, which carries it toward the Norwegian Sea as part of the formation process of Arctic Bottom Water
. The remainder is joined south of Denmark Strait and southwest of Iceland by the northwestward flowing Irminger Current
, which brings the water of the subpolar gyre. Transport estimates are 5 Sv (5 × 106
) for the East Greenland Current and 8–11 Sv (8–11 × 106
) for the Irminger Current. The combined flow continues around the southern tip of Greenland into the West Greenland Current
Copyright 2022 American Meteorological Society (AMS). For permission to reuse any portion of this work, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org. Any use of material in this work that is determined to be “fair use” under Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Act (17 U.S. Code § 107) or that satisfies the conditions specified in Section 108 of the U.S.Copyright Act (17 USC § 108) does not require AMS’s permission. Republication, systematic reproduction, posting in electronic form, such as on a website or in a searchable database, or other uses of this material, except as exempted by the above statement, require written permission or a license from AMS. Additional details are provided in the AMS Copyright Policy statement.