Etesians

From Glossary of Meteorology



etesians

The prevailing northerly winds in summer in the eastern Mediterranean and especially the Aegean Sea; basically similar to monsoon and equivalent to the maestro of the Adriatic Sea.

According to the ancient Greeks, the etesians blow for 40 days, beginning with the heliacal rising of Sirius. They are associated (along with the seistan and shamal) with the deep low pressure area that forms in summer over northwest India. They bring clear skies and dry, relatively cool weather. In Greece the etesian wind is locally named the sleeper. In Turkey it is the meltém. The Romans used the word also for the southwest monsoon of the Arabian Sea.


Copyright 2022 American Meteorological Society (AMS). For permission to reuse any portion of this work, please contact permissions@ametsoc.org. Any use of material in this work that is determined to be “fair use” under Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Act (17 U.S. Code § 107) or that satisfies the conditions specified in Section 108 of the U.S.Copyright Act (17 USC § 108) does not require AMS’s permission. Republication, systematic reproduction, posting in electronic form, such as on a website or in a searchable database, or other uses of this material, except as exempted by the above statement, require written permission or a license from AMS. Additional details are provided in the AMS Copyright Policy statement.