Icelandic low

From Glossary of Meteorology



Icelandic low

  1. The low pressure center located near Iceland (mainly between Iceland and southern Greenland) on mean charts of sea level pressure.

    It is a principal center of action in the atmospheric circulation of the Northern Hemisphere. It is most intense during winter, having a January central pressure below 996 mb. In summer, it not only weakens but also tends to split into two centers, one near Davis Strait and the other west of Iceland. Like its Pacific counterpart, the Aleutian low, its daily position and intensity vary greatly so that it is best regarded as a region where migratory lows tend to slow up and deepen.

  2. Any low, on a synoptic chart, centered near Iceland.


Copyright 2022 American Meteorological Society (AMS). For permission to reuse any portion of this work, please contact permissions@ametsoc.org. Any use of material in this work that is determined to be “fair use” under Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Act (17 U.S. Code § 107) or that satisfies the conditions specified in Section 108 of the U.S.Copyright Act (17 USC § 108) does not require AMS’s permission. Republication, systematic reproduction, posting in electronic form, such as on a website or in a searchable database, or other uses of this material, except as exempted by the above statement, require written permission or a license from AMS. Additional details are provided in the AMS Copyright Policy statement.