A collection of simultaneous meteorological measurements taken and recorded in a mountainous location.
The harshness of the high-mountain environment
, the inaccessibility of sites, and the remoteness of these regions are special problems that have limited the availability of long-term records of mountain weather. These difficulties are compounded by the issue of representativeness of a measurement. Over flatter, simpler terrain, care is taken to place instrumentation in exposed locations where the measurement can be considered as representing a larger area. Barry (1992) defines at least three types of situations in the mountains: "summit, slope, and valley bottom— apart from considerations of slope orientation, slope angle, topographic screening, and irregularities of small-scale relief." Thus it is very difficult, perhaps inappropriate, to claim representativeness for a single observation
, and one must interpret mountain observations with great caution. Barry further states, "These factors necessitate either a very dense network of stations or some other approach to determining mountain climate
. In the future, the use of ground-based and satellite remote sensors combined with intensive case studies of particular phenomena, may provide the best solution."
Barry, R. G. 1992. Mountain Weather and Climate. 2nd ed., Routledge, London, . 9–10.
Copyright 2022 American Meteorological Society (AMS). For permission to reuse any portion of this work, please contact email@example.com. Any use of material in this work that is determined to be “fair use” under Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Act (17 U.S. Code § 107) or that satisfies the conditions specified in Section 108 of the U.S.Copyright Act (17 USC § 108) does not require AMS’s permission. Republication, systematic reproduction, posting in electronic form, such as on a website or in a searchable database, or other uses of this material, except as exempted by the above statement, require written permission or a license from AMS. Additional details are provided in the AMS Copyright Policy statement.