Surge

From Glossary of Meteorology



surge

  1. In hydrology, a sudden change in discharge resulting from the opening or closing of a gate that controls the flow in a channel, or by the sudden introduction of additional water into the channel.

  2. The fore and aft movement of the center of gravity of a ship.
    See heave, sway, ship motion.

  3. Water transported up a beach by breaking waves.